With its distinctive tricolor, the Flag of Colombia is difficult to not recognize from a distance; However, there are several aspects of history, meaning, and curious facts that revolve around this symbol, which are worth knowing if you want to delve into the culture and citizen identity of this beautiful South American country. 

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History of the Flag of Colombia

As we know it today, the Flag of Colombia was officially adopted on September 20, 1861, as a movement before the abolition of all symbols linked to pre-independent times. 

By this time, Colombia was known specifically under the United States of Colombia, a federal-state attached to Panama and portions of Brazil and Peru. 

The presidential figure of that time, Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera, established by official decree the specifications of the current Colombian flag, with the design created in 1801 by the Venezuelan patriots Francisco de Miranda and Lino de Clemente. 

Originally, this tricolor represented the United Provinces of Venezuela. Still, its use extended to Gran Colombia, a South American country that does not exist today, which was made up of the union of Venezuela and Nueva Granada (current Republic of Colombia) in a single nation. 

As of today, this flag has already existed for 159 years as a Colombian national insignia. 

Parts of the Flag of Colombia: What is its meaning?

Despite its simplicity, the Flag of Colombia hides a series of cultural meanings of high value for this nation, like other patriotic symbols. 

Its tricolor presentation, yellow, blue, and red, with the yellow stripe covering the middle of the flag, have meanings worth reviewing. Let’s see what each of them responds to:


The yellow strip, occupying half of the Colombian flag, refers to the wealth and abundance that characterizes the soil of this country and the symbol of the sun, an element associated with light, sovereignty, and harmony. 


The blue strip is associated with the representation of both the sky, the rivers, and the two bodies of water that bathe the Colombian territory: the Atlantic Ocean through the Caribbean Sea in the north and the Pacific due to their geographical location Ocean in the west.


Over time, the red stripe has symbolized the bloodshed by patriotic heroes in their process of fighting for freedom during the historical battles that distinguish the Colombian nation. In turn, it is a color associated with love, power, strength, and progress. 

5 curiosities about the Flag of Colombia 🇨🇴

Do you like to go deep into the topics you learn about? Then you will want to surprise your friends by sharing the following curious facts that we can find when investigating more details about the Flag of Colombia: 

  • Some historical data, so far unconfirmed, hint at the possibility that the inspiration that touched Francisco de Miranda before thinking about the design of the Flag of Colombia was nothing more and nothing less than a talk with Goethe himself, renowned poet German, who shared his theory and vision of the tricolor to Miranda.
  • Other much less elaborate theories affirm that the choice of the colors of the Flag of Colombia does not go beyond that of its famous tricolor, coincides with the most notable colors of the rainbow.  
  • Colombia is one of the nations that has most changed the format and tonality of the colors of the national flag throughout its history. This can be interpreted as an evolutionary reflection of their bumpy road to official independence.
  • The first description of the Flag of Colombia, so far recorded, was taken from Francisco de Miranda’s military journal. Since then, he made clear plans to use the colors yellow, blue, and red to represent the Colombian nation; however, the original order would be red, yellow, and blue. The reason for the change is unknown.
  • Flag Day in Colombia was legally declared to be celebrated on August 7 of each year. The commemoration originates due to August 7, 1819, the date on which the Spanish army was defeated by the patriots in Boyacá, reaching the Independence of Colombia.

Final words  on the flag of Colombia

It is likely that you now have more information about the history and meaning of the Flag of Colombia than you would have imagined before starting your reading.

Download flag of Colombia

But now is the time to put yourself to the test! Take advantage of these new learnings about the meaning of the Flag of Colombia to share them with the rest of the world, break the ice by talking about the curious facts that surround this flag and even, if you have plans to become a citizen of Colombia, show that you have mastered important information regarding their history and culture. 

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